Candidates waiting for lung transplant are sicker now than ever before. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has become useful as a bridge to lung transplant for these critically ill patients.

Clinical Relevance

Critical care nurses must be prepared to care for the increasing number of lung transplant patients who require this advanced support method.

Purpose of Paper

To provide critical care nurses with the foundational knowledge essential for delivering quality care to this high-acuity transplant patient population.

Content Covered

This review describes the types of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (venovenous and venoarterial), provides an overview of the indications and contraindications for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and discusses the role of clinical bedside nurses in the treatment of patients requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to lung transplant.

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