Prone positioning has been shown to improve ventilation status for patients with severe COVID-19 who are receiving mechanical ventilation. This case report describes the nursing care of a patient with severe COVID-19 who underwent prone ventilation for 72 hours. Relevant nursing management and operational considerations are also discussed.

Clinical Findings

An 83-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with fatigue, dizziness, and positive tests for SARS-CoV-2 on nasopharyngeal swab specimens. The patient was intubated.


The patient’s positive tests for SARS-CoV-2, chest computed tomography findings, and clinical symptoms were consistent with a diagnosis of severe COVID-19.


When the patient’s condition did not improve with mechanical ventilation and intermittent prone positioning, she was placed in the prone position for 72 hours. She received sedation, analgesics, anti-infective medications, and enteral nutrition support in the intensive care unit. Nurses performed dynamic monitoring based on blood gas analysis results to guide lung rehabilitation.


The patient was weaned from the ventilator on day 20 and successfully discharged home on day 28 of hospitalization.


During prolonged prone ventilation of a patient with severe COVID-19, nursing strategies included airway management, early lung rehabilitation training guided by pulmonary ultrasonography, skin care, hierarchical management of nurses, hemodynamic support, and enteral nutrition. This report may assist critical care nurses caring for similar patients.

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