Intra-abdominal hypertension is a comorbid condition in critically ill children, is an independent predictor of mortality, and has harmful effects on multiple organ systems through renal, pulmonary or hemodynamic damage. Intra-abdominal pressure monitoring is widely used in clinical practice because it is a safe, accurate, inexpensive, and rapid method for the clinical diagnosis of intra-abdominal hypertension.
To improve pediatric critical care nurses’ understanding of and ability to perform intra-abdominal pressure monitoring and provide a reference for standardizing intra-abdominal pressure monitoring in clinical practice.
A literature review was performed using the following keywords: intra-abdominal pressure, bladder pressure, vesicular pressure, measurement, monitoring, critically ill children, pediatric intensive care, pediatric, and children. Four hundred fifty-four articles were initially identified and screened; 24 were included.
The monitoring and management of intra-abdominal pressure should include appropriate and clinically proven intra-abdominal pressure measurement techniques, appropriate patients, the proper frequency of measurement, and a repeatable intra-abdominal pressure measurement method.
Knowledge of intra-abdominal pressure monitoring in critically ill children enhances the ability of nurses in clinical practice to accurately measure intra-abdominal pressure to improve the timeliness and accuracy of clinical identification of intra-abdominal hypertension and guide decompression interventions.