Clostridia are organisms which, in the right environment, can cause a rapidly spreading, fulminant myonecrosis. Early diagnosis and a combined management program are clearly paramount to a successful outcome. Knowledge of this disease and ongoing meticulous assessment are the tools that a nurse must use when dealing with patients who have gas gangrene or are at high risk of developing it. In the face of radical disfigurements that may follow therapeutic measures, the potential transfer to a distant center for treatment, and a deteriorating prognosis, the nurse must remain alert to patient and family psychologic needs.

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