Maxillofacial trauma is a complex phenomenon that creates challenges for the critical care nurse. Effective management of maxillofacial trauma requires a comprehensive understanding of facial anatomy and function. Physiologic requirements, such as airway management and hemodynamic monitoring are the focus during the acute care phase. Nutritional and self care needs are also priorities. A collaborative approach across health care disciplines is essential to healing, the prevention of further injury, and the development of adaptive processes.

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